Posts Tagged 1970s
Industrial music is a style of experimental music that draws on transgressive and provocative themes. The term was coined in the mid-1970s with the founding of Industrial Records by the band Throbbing Gristle, and the creation of the slogan “industrial music for industrial people”. In general, the style is harsh and challenging. Allmusic defines industrial as the “most abrasive and aggressive fusion of rock and electronic music”; “initially a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments (tape music, musique concrète, white noise, synthesizers, sequencers, etc.) and punk provocation”.
The first industrial artists experimented with noise and aesthetically controversial topics, musically and visually, such as fascism, serial killers and the occult. Their production was not limited to music, but included mail art, performance art, installation pieces and other art forms.
While the term was initially self-applied by a small coterie of groups and individuals associated with Industrial Records in the 1970s, it broadened to include artists influenced by the original movement or using an “industrial” aesthetic.
These artists expanded the genre by pushing it into noisier and more electronic directions. Over time, its influence spread into and blended with styles including ambient and rock, all of which now fall under the post-industrial music label. Electro-industrial music is a primary sub-genre that developed in the 1980s. The two other most notable hybrid genres are industrial rock and industrial metal, which include bands such as Nine Inch Nails and Ministry, both of which released platinum-selling albums in the 1990s. These three genres are often referred to as simply industrial.
Breakbeat as a term can be traced back to the 1970s with the origin of hiphop in the USA, and the early rave scene in the 1980s in the UK. There is a lot of argument about which was more prominent, but its safe to say that they developed their own styles in parallel
Breakbeat is the cornerstone of hundreds of genres of EDM giving the suffix “-step” to many of them to describe the syncopated or polyrhythmic beat structures.
Breakbeat usually takes the form of a non-standard 4/4 drum pattern to add creativity to what can be seen as a very monotonous 4 on the floor beat patterns of house or techno for example.
In the 1960s and 1970s during the rise of funk and soul music, bands would have “breaks” in the song where the drumer has a short 4 or 8 bar solo. With the invention of synthesizers in the 1980s people would sample these breaks, and “chop” them into their individual components. This allowed the DJ to create their own drum patters, miles away from the synthesized drum hits that the machinery could manage. The most famous of this is from the song “Amen, Brother” by The Winstons, becoming known as the Amen Break.
Without this particular breakbeat, its widely accepted that hiphop, jungle and subsequently drum and bass would not be the powerhouses they are today.